Compared to the trumpet, the cornet features a greater proportion of conical tubing, which gives it a mellow, softer tone (image for illustration purposes only)
(image for illustration purposes only)
The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality. The most common cornet is a transposing instrument in Bb.
The cornet was originally derived from the post horn. Sometimes it is called a cornet, which refers to the earliest cornets with the Stölzel valve system.
British style brass band ensembles consist completely of brass instruments (except for the percussion section). The cornet is the leading melodic instrument in this ensemble and trumpets are never used. The ensemble consists of about thirty musicians, including nine Bó cornets and one Eb cornet (soprano cornet) in the higher registers
The trumpet – A sacred instrument?
In ancient Egypt, the trumpet was used in important occasions, such as during magic rituals, ceremonies, and warfare, and only males were allowed to touch the instrument. In medieval Europe, the trumpet was an instrument only for eminent people like aristocrats, and was later used to signal and raise the morale in the cavalry. The trumpets of those days were about twice as long as their modern counterparts. They did not have valves, so a trumpet player changed notes by changing the shape of his lips or the strength of his blowing. In the 19th century, trumpets in their modern form, with valves, appeared, allowing a player to make chromatic semitones with ease. The tube length gradually shortened to improve the ease of playing, and the trumpet eventually reached its present length.
Characteristics of the trumpet
The trumpet can produce a bright, clear, and powerful sound. The secret of the timbre lies in the long section of the tube with a constant diameter, from the mouthpiece to near the bell. To alter the sound, trumpet players use a damper called a 'mute'. Different types of mutes have different shapes, and they produce different sounds.
If you are planning to learn the trumpet, you may want to start with a commonly-used B-flat trumpet. It is best to choose one you do not have to try hard to blow. You may not be able to make a good sound at first, but as the muscles around your lips develop, you will gradually make progress. So do not get frustrated, and keep practising.