- Offset G
- Drawn Toneholes
- Pisoni Pads
The flute belongs to the wind family of musical instruments. It is of ancient origin and was first made of wood. Now, however, the flute is made of silver and other metals. There are two types of methods used in playing the flute: side-blown or end-blown. Generally, a closed-hole silver-plated flute with a C footjoint is recommended for student beginners. The flute is often used in jazz and pop music, it has the highest voice in the woodwind family of instruments. This may be a bit confusing since not all flutes are made of wood. But due to the way a flute produces sound and its construction, the flute is rated among the woodwinds.
The flute is also a very versatile musical instrument, it can play solo or be responsible for carrying the melody.
The flute has three main parts:
This is the part of the flute that touches the mouth and has no keys. On the head joint you will also find the tuning cork which you can move to adjust the intonation of the flute. The lip-plate, also called the embouchure plate, is likewise found on the head joint. The lip plate is where the musician rests his lower lip in order to play the flute. A curved lip-plate is easier to blow than a straight lip-plate. The blow hole, also known as the mouth hole, is likewise located on the head joint. The blow hole is where the musician blows air into in order to produce sound. It can either be oval shaped or rounded rectangle. A larger mouth hole favors low notes while a small mouth hole favors high notes.
This is the largest part of the flute and contains most of the keys. The body joint connects the head and foot joint. The keys are pressed in order to produce a certain pitch. It is important that the key pads and springs are in good condition to produce the proper quality of sound. Aside from the keys, on the body joint you will also find the tuning slide and tenons. It is used primarily to tune the flute.
This is the shortest part of the flute that contains a few keys. The foot joint has a rod and it is important for it to be aligned with the center of the keys in the body of the flute.